Is there a way to prevent mosquitoes from breeding in my pond? I'm not having a problem yet, but afraid it's not too far off?
Mosquito’s are easily controlled in ponds, fountains, water gardens, and birdbaths with a larvicide. They're only going to be a problem where water is stationary and not moving. I'd also include any saucer where water may collect for more than twenty-four hours. With the concerns with West Nile Virus, we need to be diligent in controlling Mosquito's now that the rainy season has concluded.
A larvicide (alternatively larvacide) is an insecticide specifically targeting an insect's larval life stage. Besides mosquitoes, the typical Larvicide is commonly applied to control the larva or worm stage of caterpillars on tomatoes for hornworm, Cabbage Loppers on leafy vegetables, and Budworm on petunias, flowering tobacco, and geraniums.
They're controlled with Bacillus thuringiensis, also known as Bt, "Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, known as Bti. For mosquitoes, Bacillus sphaericus is explicitly used.
When ingested, the target insects get a fatal case of stomach flu as the bacteria crystallize a toxin that destroys their digestive tract. They're naturally occurring bacterium and pose no threat to kids, pets, other insects, or the environment. In water, Mosquito Dunks and Bits, made by Summit Chemical Co, are available for controlling mosquitoes. The Mosquito Dunk is a solid material in the shape of a donut.
They float on the water's surface and will keep on working for thirty days or longer. While floating, they slowly release the Larvicide on the water's surface, where it is eaten by the mosquito larvae, which then die before reaching maturity.
You would apply one dunk per one hundred square feet of surface water. They can easily be broken up to treat small areas, and any unused dunks retain their potency so you can store them indefinitely.
Mosquito Bits are designed to provide a quick kill when a large population of mosquito larvae is present. They're also used in those areas where the dunks are not practical such as in saucers. This fast-acting control needs to reapply every fourteen days.
NOTE: It is the female Mosquito and not the male that bites. Her typical life span in nature is two weeks. Mosquitoes don't produce venom. Instead, the saliva from the bite is what causes the pesky welt and the bothersome itching.
Is it okay to recycle old wine in the garden? We want to discard several full or partly full old bottles. So far, we have hesitated for fear that it might not be a good thing.
With old wine, I'd pour it down the drain and not on your compost pile or around plants. Like a wine barrel, the pungent fragrance of the wine could last for an extended period. My horticultural concern is what if the wine has turned to vinegar. Your plants could be damaged from the highly acidic liquid. I see very little value in disposing of it in a garden.