Pruning Grapes Now & Planting Peas

Question:

 Will I harm next year's crop of grapes by cutting back old, ugly branches now? I did that last year and had very few grapes this year. 

Answer:

  • January/February is the traditional time of the year to prune grapes. However, they can be pruned earlier if you choose.
  • Grapes are dormant once the leaves start to turn color and drop off. In the fall, the green leaves store energy and food for next year, so you don't want to remove them too early.
  • Pruning grapes early does not affect production. Improper pruning by cutting off the fruiting spurs is the primary cause of little to no grapes.
  • Grape vines are vigorous growers producing lots of stems and leaves annually. For many, it's a confusing mass to prune, especially if there are no defined vertical trunks and laterals. Grapes must grow on a trellis structure with one main compartment and several lateral branches.
    • A typical fence is not necessarily the ideal trellis for grapes. With time, the fence is damaged by the growth. Poor air circulation increases problems with diseases, and the vines are difficult to maintain.
    • Also, your neighbor may not appreciate the vegetation growing on their side. A separate trellis structure off the fence improves the maintenance and disease issues besides avoiding a neighbor dispute.
  •  In preparation, I’d watch several videos on YouTube. This should give you a good idea if your pruning technique needs to be modified. Google spur and cane pruning grapes
  •  Here is one https://video.search.yahoo.com/search/video?fr=aaplw&ei=UTF-8&p=pruneing+grape+vide#id=1&vid=9ca9873509d69e9e4a12acad7f668c55&action=click
 

Question:

I know it's late but what edibles are still being planted in containers? 

Answer:

  •  Peas are the best thing to plant in cool, wet, and damp conditions. It would be best if you were looking to plant seedlings, as it's too cold for seeds to germinate.
  • Pea plants or vines grow and produce best when their roots are cool. They'll 'Bolt' or go to seed when the temperature gets above 80 degrees. While they could be planted now, February would be an ideal time. Next year, you should plant in mid-October for the winter months.
    • Frost can be a problem when the temperature drops below 30 degrees at night, so you'll need to cover them with a plant blanket on those nights.
  •  In a container, the bush varieties are the best to plant as a trestle isn't necessary and space the plants five inches apart.