Horrible Pruning Job & When To Fertilize A New Lawn

Question:

My husband cut off an old rose bush. All that is left is a twelve-inch high, six-inch diameter trunk with two to three branches below the cut. How do I prune the healthy new shoots, and is it possible to restore it to its former self?   Horrible pruning j

Answer:

  • Roses will take a lot of abuse even from a chain saw. It will take several growing seasons, but you should be successful in reestablishing the plant. That being said, your efforts may be a waste of time, but you'll need to wait until the next set of flowers 
  • I'm assuming this was a named variety; hence, it had to be growing not on its own roots, but a rootstock that is a different variety.
  • What I'm concerned about is that the pruning point was below the bud union. The bud union is where a desirable variety is budded on to a rootstock. If the cut was below this point, the desirable pink variety is gone forever.
    • The rootstock produces long, rapidly growing shoots that have a cherry red flower. This flower has nine to ten petals and is about the size of a silver dollar.
    • I'd cut off any of the red flowering shoots and cultivate the desirable pink ones. I'd encourage the new growth by feeding it often until next October. Besides being a heavy feeder, roses like plenty of water. After the rainy season concludes, you should water two to three times a week, depending on the temperatures and daily with temperatures over ninety degrees.
    • Pruning roses is a year-round activity. Anytime you remove a spent flower or pick fresh ones, you're pruning. The lateral shoots are located in the leaf buds below the pruning points. This is where a leaf attaches to a stem. These growth buds accelerate when the stem above is cut and results in a new flush of flowers. Except for this winter, you give your rose a severe pruning during the winter months 
    • Besides reducing the bush's overall height, you remove any dead wood and eliminate the rubbing and crossing branches. The rest of the year, you're shaping the plant. This is done after each flush of flowers.
  •  At this time next year, you'll be surprised at how much your bush has recovered. Too monitor the progress, use your smartphone or digital camera to record the progress throughout the year. 

Question:

 I had a sod lawn installed four months ago. Is it too late to fertilize it now? 

Answer:

  • No, it's not too late to feed turf. One application in the fall as late as Thanksgiving is sufficient. Contrary to public opinion, fall is the most crucial time of the year to feed grass, not in the spring. It's in the fall and early winter months when the new grass plants are formed. Another benefit is that the grass remains green during cold temperatures and doesn't turn that ugly yellow/brown color. From January through June, I'd feed every eight to ten weeks, depending on the fertilizer, and skip the months of July and August.